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In the Kalahari Desert around 40% of the males live in solitude. [35][38] Some suggest that North American cheetahs possibly migrated to Asia via the Bering Strait, then dispersed southward to Africa through Eurasia at least 100,000 years ago;[39][40][41] some authors have expressed doubt over the occurrence of cheetah-like cats in North America, and instead suppose the modern cheetah to have evolved from Asian populations that eventually spread to Africa. In 1969 author Joy Adamson, of Born Free fame, wrote The Spotted Sphinx, a biography of her pet cheetah Pippa. [129], Cubs start coming out of the lair at two months of age, trailing after their mother wherever she goes. [9][61] The chin, throat and underparts of the legs and the belly are white and devoid of markings. [165] The Romans may have referred to the cheetah as the leopardos (λεοπάρδος) or leontopardos (λεοντόπαρδος), believing it to be a hybrid between a leopard and a lion because of the mantle seen in cheetah cubs and the difficulty of breeding them in captivity. The closest living relative of African Cheetah is the beautiful Asiatic Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus). Cheetahs’ sprints have been measured at a maximum of 114 km (71 miles) per hour, and they routinely reach velocities of 80–100 km per hour while pursuing prey. [13] In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock placed the cheetah in a subfamily of its own, Acinonychinae,[14] given its striking morphological resemblance to the greyhound as well as significant deviation from typical felid features; the cheetah was classified in Felinae in later taxonomic revisions. At around 20 months, offspring become independent; mothers might have conceived again by then. Growls, hisses and moans are accompanied by multiple, strong hits on the ground with the front paw, during which the cheetah may retreat by a few metres. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Noun 1. The eyes are set high and have round pupils. What does Acinonyx Jubatus mean? [54] In 1926 Major A. Cooper wrote about a cheetah-like animal he had shot near modern-day Harare, with fur as thick as that of a snow leopard and spots that merged to form stripes. [47][48] A prominent instance was the deadly feline coronavirus outbreak in a cheetah breeding facility of Oregon in 1983 which had a mortality rate of 60%—higher than that recorded for previous epizootics of feline infectious peritonitis in any felid. The sister group of the Puma lineage is a clade of smaller Old World cats that includes the genera Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus. They are distinguished from other big cats by … As such, the size of their home range depends on the distribution of prey in a region. Previous of Acinonyx Jubatus Acid Precipitation: rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and … Pronunciation: (chē'tu), — n. a cat, Acinonyx jubatus, of southwestern Asia and Africa, resembling a leopard but having certain doglike characteristics, often trained for hunting deer, antelope, etc. The highest recorded value was 93.24 km/h (57.9 mph). As of 2017, cheetahs occur in just nine per cent of their erstwhile range in Africa, mostly in unprotected areas. [9] The specific name jubatus is Latin for "crested, having a mane". Acinonyx jubatus ( Schreber, 1775) The Cheetah (derived from Sanskrit word Chitraka meaning "Speckled") ( Acinonyx jubatus ) is an atypical member of the cat family ( Felidae) that hunts by speed rather than by stealth or pack tactics. [195] Comic book superheroine Wonder Woman's chief adversary is Dr. Barbara Ann Minerva, alias The Cheetah. [146] The Cheetah Conservation Fund, founded in 1990 in Namibia, put efforts into field research and education about cheetahs on the global platform. [165] Reliefs in the Deir el-Bahari temple complex tell of an expedition by Egyptians to the Land of Punt during the reign of Hatshepsut (1507–1458 BC) that fetched, among other things, animals called "panthers". [65] When a female enters a territory, the males will surround her; if she tries to escape, the males will bite or snap at her. [8] A similar meaning can be obtained by the combination of the Greek prefix a– (implying a lack of) and κῑνέω (kÄ«néō) meaning to move or set in motion. Predation is the leading cause of mortality in cheetah cubs; a study showed that in areas with a low density of predators (such as Namibian farmlands) around 70% of the cubs make it beyond the age of 14 months, whereas in areas like the Serengeti National Park, where several large carnivores exist, the survival rate was just 17%. [194] The animated series ThunderCats had a character named "Cheetara", an anthropomorphic cheetah, voiced by Lynne Lipton. As more such individuals were observed it was seen that they had non-retractable claws like the cheetah. [62] The whiskers, shorter and fewer than those of other felids, are fine and inconspicuous. Their details are tabulated below:[20][22], The cheetah's closest relatives are the cougar (Puma concolor) and the jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi). Females can have their first litter at two to three years of age. chee•tah (chē′tə), USA pronunciation n. Mammals a cat, Acinonyx jubatus, of southwestern Asia and Africa, resembling a leopard but having certain doglike characteristics, often trained for hunting deer, antelope, etc. Cases of roadkill involving cheetahs have been reported from Kalmand, Touran National Park, and Bafq in Iran. [35] However, subsequent research has shown that Miracinonyx is phylogenetically closer to the cougar than the cheetah;[37] the similarities to cheetahs have been attributed to convergent evolution. [26][136], The first survey of cheetah populations in Africa by Norman Myers in 1975 estimated a population of 15,000 individuals throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Context examples . Ancient Egyptians believed the spirits of deceased pharaohs were taken away by cheetahs. Smaller antelopes like the common duiker are a frequent prey in the southern Kalahari. During the New Kingdom (16th to 11th centuries BC), cheetahs were common pets for royalty, who adorned them with ornate collars and leashes. [7] A rough translation is "immobile nails", a reference to the cheetah's limited ability to retract its claws. [2] Males can breed at less than two years of age in captivity, but this may be delayed in the wild until the male acquires a territory. [62] Besides the clearly visible spots, there are other faint, irregular black marks on the coat. Births take place at 20–25 minute intervals in a sheltered place such as thick vegetation. Females may also show marking behaviour but less prominently than males do. [9][67] There is a short, rough mane, covering at least 8 cm (3.1 in) along the neck and the shoulders; this feature is more prominent in males. [45] The cheetah was the first felid observed to have unusually low genetic variability among individuals,[46] which has led to poor breeding in captivity, increased spermatozoal defects, high juvenile mortality and increased susceptibility to diseases and infections. The sharp, narrow carnassials are larger than those of leopards and lions, suggesting the cheetah can consume larger amount of food in a given time period. A female can conceive again after 17 to 20 months from giving birth, or even sooner if a whole litter is lost. [6] The CACP Phase II was implemented in 2009, and the third phase was drafted in 2018. [60][85] The cheetah is unable to roar due to the presence of a sharp-edged vocal fold within the larynx. [188] Hussein, An Entertainment, a novel by Patrick O'Brian set in the British Raj period in India, illustrates the practice of royalty keeping and training cheetahs to hunt antelopes. The range covered most of eastern and southern Africa, except for the desert region on the western coast of modern-day Angola and Namibia. [82][83], The cheetah resembles the smaller cats in cranial features, and in having a long and flexible spine, as opposed to the stiff and short one in other large felids. Add thesaurus 100. [6] By 1987, the first major research project to outline cheetah conservation strategies was underway. [59][65][66] Each cheetah has a distinct pattern of spots which can be used to identify unique individuals. Agonistic sounds: These include bleating, coughing, growling, hissing, meowing and moaning (or yowling). Der Gepard [] (Acinonyx jubatus) ist eine hauptsächlich in Afrika verbreitete Katze. [149] The Range Wide Conservation Program for Cheetah and African Wild Dogs (RWCP) began in 2007 as a joint initiative of the IUCN Cat and Canid Specialist Groups, the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Zoological Society of London. [174] Compared to other felids, cheetahs need specialised care because of their higher vulnerability to stress-induced diseases; this has been attributed to their low genetic variability and factors of captive life. Emperors would use cheetahs, as if their genetic makeup were the same time falling numbers became a of! 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Often been featured in marketing and animation lasts less than 100 individuals in 2016 areas compared to.! The scientific name is derived from the Hindi word meaning ‘bright’ have a definition for Acinonyx jubatus than... In Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger the southeast African cheetah years!

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