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coarctation: A narrowed area in the aorta (the main artery that leaves the heart) present from birth. Long-term care facilities offer medical care for a variety of medical conditions and include nursing homes and assisted-living centers. cryotherapy: Use of extreme cold to freeze and destroy diseased tissue. An electrical signal generated by the sinoatrial node (the heart's natural pacemaker) moves through the heart until it reaches the atrioventricular node, a cluster of cells at the bottom of the right atrium. Like ACE inhibitors, they keep coronary arteries open, lower blood pressure, and reduce the heart's workload. This lowers blood pressure and reduces the heart's workload. Who is eligible for Long Term Care Medi-Cal? Basic Medical Terms While attending an appointment with a physician, often, it is difficult to understand exactly what information the doctor is trying to relay. ACE: Abbreviation for angiotensin-converting enzyme, an enzyme that converts the inactive form of the protein angiotensin (angiotensin I) to its active form—angiotensin II. biochanin A: A natural compound found in soybeans that may help prevent cancer from spreading. This tissue lines organs and structures in the body, protecting or enclosing them. Arteriosclerosis occurs when cholesterol-rich plaque forms on the inner lining of arteries (atherosclerosis), when artery walls become calcified, or when high blood pressure thickens the muscular wall of arteries. amyloid precursor protein: A normal brain protein that under certain circumstances produces beta amyloid, abnormal protein deposited in the brain in Alzheimer's disease. cholesterol: A waxy, fat-like substance produced by the liver and found in all food from animal sources; an essential component of body cells and a precursor of bile acids and some hormones. It is generally used for making small incisions in skin and muscle. autonomic nervous system: The part of the nervous system that controls involuntary actions, such as blood pressure or breathing. The most common type of allergy, it is caused by an IgE-mediated immune response to inhaled airborne allergens. Also known as alcoholism. adduction: Movement of a body part toward or across the midline. Get to know the basic word parts. chyme: A nearly liquid mass of partly digested food and digestive juices; found in the stomach and intestine. adult day services: Centers providing daytime services to adults who need supervision, social support, or assistance with daily activities. Abnormal levels of this substance may indicate liver or kidney disease. basal cell carcinoma: The most common skin cancer. Death occurs within minutes unless cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation are available. Long-term care is a range of services and support for your personal care needs. aerobic exercise: Physical activity that speeds breathing, improves heart and lung function, and offers many other health benefits. This differs from short-term care, such as a … arrhythmia: An abnormal heart rhythm caused by a disturbance in the heart's electrical system. breath focus: A form of meditation aimed at bringing on a state of relaxation. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. cervical radiculopathy: A pinched nerve, causing sharp pain, tingling, and numbness in the areas served by the nerve. Cheyne-Stokes respiration: Abnormal breathing where cycles of deep, labored breathing where cycles of deep, labored breathing are followed by cycles of weak breathing that can result in a total, temporary lack of airflow. colostrum: An antibody-rich form of breast milk, produced at the end of pregnancy and for a short time after birth, which strengthens a newborn's immune system. Common Medical Root Words. cardiopulmonary: Pertaining to the heart and lungs. chlorosis: Severe iron-deficiency characterized by a yellow-green tinge to the skin. Also called cortical bone or lamellar bone. clinical trial: A study that tests a therapy in humans, rather than in laboratories or on animals. active surveillance: A strategy for managing early prostate cancer in which a man has regular checkups but does not undergo treatment until the disease shows signs of worsening. CORN. allergen: A substance such as fur, pollen, or dust that produces an allergic reaction. calcium channel blockers: A class of drugs that lowers blood pressure, slows the heart rate, and decreases the heart's need for oxygen by blocking the movement of calcium into the heart and the muscle cells surrounding blood vessels. cervicogenic headache: Headache related to neck problems. adenosine triphosphate: An energy-storing molecule that is found in all human cells. ankylo-: Means crooked or bent; refers to stiffening of a joint. bladder neck: Where the bladder and urethra meet. computed tomography: An imaging technique that uses a computer and x-rays passed through the body at different angles to create a detailed, nearly three-dimensional picture of the body. benign: Harmless; often used to refer to a tumor that is not cancerous and does not usually spread. This increases blood flow to the penis, causing an erection. acetaldehyde: The main breakdown product of alcohol metabolism; accumulation of it in the bloodstream may produce flushing (a feeling of heat in the face or chest) and vomiting. asphyxia: A life-threatening lack of oxygen due to drowning, choking, or an obstruction of the airways. anal canal: The last inch of the large intestine, leading to the anal opening. astringent: A substance that contracts skin tissues and shrinks pores. brachytherapy: Treatment in which a surgeon implants seeds or pellets of radioactive material in the body to destroy cancer cells. bioavailability: How quickly and completely the body can absorb and use a nutrient. biomarker: A distinctive biological indicator of an event, process, or condition. coronary: Pertaining to the arteries that supply blood to the heart. abdominoplasty: A procedure to remove excess abdominal skin and tighten the underlying stomach muscles. conception: The start of pregnancy, when an egg is fertilized by a sperm. atherothrombotic stroke: A type of stroke that occurs when a large artery to the brain is completely blocked by the formation of a clot. chronic pain syndrome: Long-term, severe pain that doesn't spring from an injury or illness, that interferes with daily life, and is often accompanied by other problems, such as depression, irritability, and anxiety. Medical coding terminology billing courses microcassette digital voice recorders with dictation practice transcription tapes. antioxidant: Substances that protect the body from molecules that damage cells (free radicals); examples include beta carotene, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin E. antiplatelet agents: Medications or other substances that prevent blood cells called platelets from clustering and forming blood clots. Long-term care helps meet health or personal needs. cirrhosis: A chronic disease of the liver that progressively destroys the liver's ability to aid in digestion and detoxification. Unauthorized or improper use of this system may result in administrative disciplinary action and/or civil and criminal penalties. AMD: Abbreviation for age-related macular degeneration, a potentially blinding condition that destroys sharp central vision. alcohol dehydrogenase: A liver enzyme that metabolizes alcohol into a substance called acetaldehyde, which is toxic. cancellous bone: One of two types of tissue that form bone; this type is commonly found at the center of long bones and makes up a large part of the hip and spine. blood pressure: The force blood exerts against the walls of the arteries. alcohol abuse: Continuing consumption of alcohol despite alcohol-related social or interpersonal problems. Have you ever crossed your legs for such a long period of time that, once you tried to get up, you found that they were… atopic dermatitis: A long-term skin condition, most common in babies and children, in which areas of the skin are dry, itchy, red, and may crack. Because doctors are familiar with all medical terms, at times, they may not realize when a patient is unfamiliar with a particular term that they are using. asthma: A disease that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and tightness in the chest. Sources…/top-10-longest-words-in-the-english-language-338/, MEDTEK is a member of the JARC Group of Companies. albuminuria: High amounts of albumin (a protein made by the liver) in the urine, possibly indicating kidney dysfunction. It is generally used for making small incisions in skin and muscle. They also improve survival after a heart attack. Bernstein test: A test to try to reproduce heartburn symptoms; used by doctors to diagnose GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). ablation: A form of treatment that uses electrical energy, heat, cold, alcohol, or other modalities to destroy a small section of damaged tissue. BMD: Abbreviation for bone mineral density, the amount of mineralized bone tissue in a given area. Sometimes called hardening of the arteries. carbon monoxide: An odorless, colorless gas that is toxic to humans and animals at high levels; it is produced by cars, furnaces, fireplaces, and other equipment powered by combustion. Abdomin/o: Abdomen; Aden/o: Gland; Anter/o: Front; Arteri/o: Artery; Audi/o: Hearing; Bio: Life; Brachi/o: Arm; Bronch/i, bronch/o: Bronchus; Carcin/o: Cancer; Cardi/o: Heart; Col/o: Colon corpus spongiosum: A cylinder of soft tissue surrounding a man's urethra and running the length of the penis. ACE inhibitor: Abbreviation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, a drug used to treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. Part of Speech: noun. Can a smart watch diagnose a heart attack? cathartic: An agent with a strong laxative effect. bronchodilator: Medication that eases breathing by relaxing the muscles surrounding the bronchial tubes. biopsy: The removal of a small piece of tissue from the body for examination under a microscope. The grid looks like graph paper with a dot in the center. Bouchard's nodes: Hard, bony growths that form on the middle joints of fingers in people with osteoarthritis. Family Communication in Long-Term Care During a Pandemic: Lessons for Enhancing Emotional Experiences, … biguanides: Medications that stop the liver from making excess glucose (sugar) and improve sensitivity to insulin. Both articles and products will be searched. That callus on your foot may be soft, in which case it's a heloma molle. bariatric surgery: One of several types of weight loss surgery performed on people who are dangerously overweight, to restrict or reduce food intake and/or absorption. By activating your account, you will create a login and password. We include pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism, another medical science term, because this one is considered the longest non-fabricated word to appear in major dictionaries. crown: The part of the tooth that is visible above the gum line. chronic: Any condition that lasts a long time or recurs over time. It compacts and moves solid waste. pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism. audiometry: A complete hearing test that involves listening to sounds of different frequencies and volume. Often used to describe a form of exercise, aerobic exercise. articular processes: Bony projections on vertebra. Also, the process of suctioning fluid, tissue, or other substances from the body. compression fracture: The collapse of a bone, most often a bone in the spine (vertebra). colic: Severe abdominal pain caused by spasms in the intestines or in a portion of the kidneys. Use our personalized flashcard system to review medical terminology. User selection of medical areas for study by body system. So, play a game of medical term bingo with friends or explore some online resources like this trivia game. acne: An inflammatory disease resulting from excess sebum production, follicle plugging, and increased bacterial production. What it is Long-term care is a range of services and support for your personal care needs. blister: A small pocket of fluid that develops between the upper layers of skin; often caused by friction or burns. bisphosphonate: Medications, including alendronate and etidronate, used to prevent and treat osteoporosis by slowing the breakdown of bone. challenge testing: A way of testing for food allergy, usually in double-blind experiments in which neither patient nor doctor knows which food is taken in pill form. cuticle: The outermost, single-cell layer of the hair shaft. Also known as a tummy tuck. abduction: Movement of a body part, such as an arm or leg, away from the center of the body. Our system is designed for long-term retention, but also serves as a quick refresh. If you subscribe to any of our print newsletters and have never activated your online account, please activate your account below for online access. autoimmune response: When the body's immune system mistakenly views the body's own tissues and organs as foreign invaders and attacks them. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster.

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