2 timothy 2 19 lexicon
This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way. With στερεός compare the use of στερεόω, Acts 16:5, and of στερέωμα, Colossians 2:5. ἔχων τὴν σφραγῖδα: It was noted on 1 Timothy 6:19 that in the two places in which θεμέλιος occurs in the Pastorals, there is a condensation of expression resulting in a confusion of metaphor. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-timothy-2.html. Mary Erickson Luke 17:11-19; 2 Timothy 2:8-15 Double the Healing Friends, may grace and peace be yours in abundance in the knowledge of God and Christ Jesus our Lord. We belong to Him if we have yielded our hearts to Him, and He will not ‘suffer His Holy One to see corruption,’ here or hereafter. 20 O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/2-timothy-2.html. "Even though the faith of some is upset, God's solid foundation cannot be shaken!" BibliographyConstable, Thomas. "Nevertheless, notwithstanding the overthrew of their faith the object of faith, "the word of truth," 'the sure foundation of God stands fast.' College Press, Joplin, MO. The one says a deep thing about God; the other says a plain thing about us. and also Ezekiel 9:4; John 6:27; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30; Revelation 7:3-8). The words (2:16), “it will lead to further ungodliness,” are literally, “they will make further progress in ungodliness.” The false teachers claimed that their teaching would help you move ahead in your spiritual life. “Naming the name of Jesus” must be understood in the sense of the last clause of 1 Corinthians 12:3; in other words, this sentence of the inscription signifies that no man confessing with the heart that Jesus is Lord can commit iniquity deliberately—the two things are utterly incompatible. The figure is probably drawn from the practice of engraving inscriptions on one or both sides of the foundation stone. Hebrews 12:28). Go to, Nevertheless, the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, "The Lord knows those who are His," and, "Everyone who names the name of the Lord is to abstain from wickedness. . Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure; having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his; And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity; Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. Look at this joyous confidence of the old man, side by side with the clearest perceptions of encircling dangers. Titus 1:11 who must be silenced because they are upsetting whole families, teaching things they should not teach for the sake of sordid gain. He cannot be honoured with the name Christian who dishonours, by iniquity, the Author of the name. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-2.html. “Iniquity” here includes the teaching of those false men above alluded to, as their teaching led away from the truth, and resulted in a lax and evil way of life. 11 The saying is sure: If we have died with him, we will also live with him; 12 if we endure, we will also reign with him; This three-fold foundation standeth sure — Remains immoveable and the same, throughout all ages. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". A reference here to Numbers 16:5. This we learn from the next clause. Compare Romans 9:8; Romans 11:26. Blandina's refreshment amidst tortures was, 'I am a Christian, and with us Christians no evil is done' (Eusebius, 'Ecclesiastical History,' 2 Timothy 2:1). 1874-1909. “They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us” (1 John 2:19). "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". 2 Timothy 2:13). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-2.html. So it signifies Revelation 9:4; and the expression is here used with propriety, in allusion to the custom of engraving upon some stones laid in the foundation of buildings, the names of the persons by whom, and the purposes for which, the structure was raised. CHAPTER 4. "be strong" This can be 1. a present passive imperative , "continue to be made strong" ( Word Pictures in the Greek New Testament by A. T. Robertson; A Grammatical Analysis of the Greek NT by Zerwick and Grosvenor; and Analytical Greek New Testament by Barbara and Timothy Friberg) 2 Timothy 2 – Advice to a Young Pastor A. "The Bible Study New Testament". This shows who are His! "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". Nothing can stand in the way of God’s purposes. "Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. See crit. NASB ... KJV Lexicon. . All such he assuredly knows, acknowledges, and will favour and protect as his. The one gives the divine and the other the human sides of the guarantee. 1859. the foundation, &c, = God"s firm foundation. ‘. also Isaiah 26:13. ἔγνω κύριος κ. τ. λ.: The words are taken from Numbers 16:5, ἐπέσκεπται καὶ ἔγνω ὁ θεὸς τοὺς ὄντας αὐτοῦ, “In the morning the Lord will shew who are His”. ‘The firm foundation of God stands’; and then the Apostle goes on, in a very picturesque fashion, ‘having this seal.’ That is a mixture of metaphors which makes a rhetorician’s hair stand on end. BibliographyPett, Peter. And the assurance is that He knows those who are His, and the requirement is that those who name His Name should depart from unrighteousness. Though not a quotation, we may perhaps recognise an echo of the ‘Depart ye, depart ye’ of Isaiah 52:11. ), Christ Himself being the ultimate "foundation" (1 Corinthians 3:11). This gives every true Christian confidence!!! There is no allusion to the practice of carving inscriptions over doors and on pillars and foundation stones (Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20; Revelation 21:14). The church (messianic community) has an absolute wholeness unaffected by some who go AWOL from it!!! Having this seal: the Lord knoweth who are his. And so there has been licence, and a presumptuous building upon a supposed past; there has been a contempt for the ‘outsiders,’ and the driving of a coach and six through the plainest teachings of common righteousness and morality. (19) Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure.—Better rendered, Nevertheless God’s firm foundation standeth. You cannot very well seal a foundation, but the idea in his mind is that of the confirmation, the guarantee, the pledge of the confidence that he has just been expressing. The idea was, as we have seen, a familiar one with St. Paul, and is referred sometimes to Christ Himself (1 Corinthians 3:11), sometimes to good works (1 Timothy 6:19). Motto second: Depart—A clear allusion, as Ellicott rightly suggests, to Numbers 16:26, where the true Israel are bidden to “Depart… from the tents of these wicked men,” the Korahites. Notwithstanding the subversion of their faith, 'the firm foundation of (i:e., laid by) God standeth' fast [ ho (Greek #3588) stereos (Greek #4731) themelios (Greek #2310) tou (Greek #3588) Theou (Greek #2316) hesteeken (Greek #2476): the English version would require ho (Greek #3588) themelios (Greek #2310) stereos (Greek #4731)]. m Grace be with you. The foundation of God standeth sure. The Lord know those who are his. 5. Compare, too, the words of the Good Shepherd (John 10:14; John 10:27-29). And the only way to keep ‘the Lord knoweth them that are His’ from being a minister of sin is, in the same breath, to say, ‘Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.’, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, ὁ μέντοι στερεὸς θεμέλιος τοῦ θεοῦ ἕστηκεν, Ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας πᾶς ὁ ὀνομάζων τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου, "What is intended is the "seal" of ownership that the architect or owner would have inscribed on the foundation stone (similar in some ways to our modern cornerstones). Tools 2 Timothy 2:19 MSG Meanwhile, God’s firm foundation is as firm as ever, these sentences engraved on the stones: GOD KNOWS WHO BELONGS TO HIM. 2 Timothy 2:20-21; Isaiah 28:16 LXX 1 Corinthians 3:10-12; Ephesians 2:20-22; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Timothy 6:19). See also all the parables which depict the people of God as a household (e.g. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/2-timothy-2.html. Paul does not mind about mingling metaphors. ‘However that may be the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, “The Lord knows those who are his’, and, ‘Let every one who names the name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness.’. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". His knowing is elective (Amos 3:2); communicative, as it imparts the consciousness of God's recognition to the soul (Psalms 31:7); distinctive (Psalms 1:6) between the godly and the ungodly: the Septuagint (Numbers 16:5), egnoo (Greek #1097) ho (Greek #3588) Theos (Greek #2316) tous (Greek #3588) ontas (Greek #5607) autou (Greek #846) kai (Greek #2532) tous (Greek #3588) hagious (Greek #40), to which Paul alludes], Let everyone that nameth (as His Lord, Psalms 20:7; Acts 22:16; or preacheth in His name Jeremiah 20:9). 10 Therefore I endure everything for the sake of the elect, so that they may also obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, with eternal glory. Those who belong, to the Lord must turn away from the false teachers. The one seal bears two inscriptions, two mutually complementary parts or aspects: (a) The objective fact of God’s superintending knowledge of His chosen; (b) the recognition by the consciousness of each individual of the relation in which he stands to God, with its imperative call to holiness. Be a good worker, one who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly explains the word of truth. perfect tense; cf. Christ. 3 Bear your share of hardship along with me like a good soldier of Christ Jesus. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". “pisteuo,” by R. Bultmann (Grand Rapids: Wm. Handling God's Word Series Contributed by Michael Stark on Apr 16, 2016 | 4,983 views. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". Then it is the foundation on which is built the whole household of God which is growing into a holy Temple in the Lord, as a dwellingplace of God in the Spirit (Ephesians 2:20). 1896. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Must turn away from wrongdoing. MacKnight identifies the solid foundation as the apostles themselves (Ephesians 2:20) and thinks these words are quoted from Numbers 16:5 Septuagint (the Hebrew has: "the Lord will show those who are his"). Bengel thinks that ἀπὸ ἀδικίας is equivalent to ἀπὸ ἀδίκων, the abstract for the concrete; cf. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". Rather, "the foundation" is "the word of truth" (2 Timothy 2:15), "the truth" (2 Timothy 2:18); in contrast to Hymeneus and Philetus' "word" which 'eats as a canker' (2 Timothy 2:17) They pretend to build up, but really "overthrow," not indeed the word of truth, but "the faith of some" in it (2 Timothy 2:18). 2Ti 2:19 - Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. 2 Timothy 2:19. But surely the Church has a deeper foundation than itself, namely, the incarnate and risen Saviour of 2 Timothy 2:8; the relation of the Church to whom is described in 2 Timothy 2:11-13. The words are applied from Numbers xvi. The household of Onesipherus. As the dew that falleth on the mountains runs down to the valleys, and the precious ointment that was poured upon the head of Aaron ran down to the skirts of his clothing (Psalms 133:1-3. Luke 13:27. 1. The message explores the familiar admonition to handle the Word of Truth rightly. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". k Avoid the l irreverent babble and contradictions of what is falsely called “knowledge,” 21 for by professing it some have swerved from the faith. Motto first: Lord knoweth—An allusion to Numbers 16:5, “The Lord will show who are his;” in the Septuagint, “The Lord knoweth (or knew) who are his.” That is, Jehovah knew who of Israel were true worshippers, in contrast to Korah and his company. The thought is expressed in a wider and more general form in Isaiah 52:11 : “Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing . Nameth the name—As acknowledging him to be what his name means, the Lord. Alford and Huther both answer, the Church. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. "E.W. That seal-motto St. Paul declares is still unobliterated. Firstly that God’s purpose is sure and firmly founded whatever happens, and secondly that He knows who are true and who are not, and that He requires those who are true to depart from unrighteousness. The sense is, that the faith and Church of Christ cannot fail, because God has decreed and promised to remain with his Church, and especially to protect his elect, to the end of the world. 1 * So you, my child, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. Here it would seem to represent the thought that God’s unchanging truth is the foundation of His Church. ; it resembles, however, several passages, e.g. DD. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-2.html. The Greek requires, ‘The strong (or firm) foundation of God stands fast.’ What is this ‘strong foundation’? BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας πᾶς ὁ ὀνομάζων τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου, and, Let everyone that nameth the Name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness. Having this seal. Joseph Benson's Commentary. 1) Some have referred this foundation to the ‘sure foundation’ described in Isaiah 28:16, (although the rendering in LXX does not specifically lend itself to the connection). Let it be observed, however, that all these will manifest that they are the Lord’s not merely by naming the name of Christ — Or making a profession of Christianity; but by departing from iniquity — Without which they would not be worthy of being accounted members even of the visible church, as they would show themselves visibly, or evidently, to be of the devil, by doing his works, John 8:4; 1 John 3:8. And although the denial of the resurrection, 2 Timothy 2:18, obscures Christ, and overthrows the structure of the faith of some, still that foundation, Jesus Christ, born and raised, standeth sure, the moveless basis of the faith of all persevering believers.
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